Action Against Hunger

Consultant (Livelihood Risk Assessment)

Action Against Hunger

Job Description

Project: Strengthening Local Resilience and Building Capacities in Areas at High Risk of Natural Hazards in BARMM, Mindanao – Philippines Duration: 60 person-days BACKGROUND Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) has been the focus of the Philippine Government in the last decade. This is manifested by several national policies that mandates all government instrumentalities to ensure that adequate interventions are implemented towards this end. Particularly, the Republic Act (RA) 10121 of 2010 or the Disaster Risk Reduction Management (DRRM) Act of the Philippines and the Climate Change Adaptation Act mandates the local government units to come up with plans, programs, projects and resources to identify and reduce risks and prepare for the impacts of hazards, risks and disasters. These policies also provide mechanisms, systems and structures to ensure that people and properties are free from danger.

Mindanao, the recent ratification of the Bangsamoro Organic Law (BOL) and establishment of the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM) provides the opportunity to look at risk reduction and resilience building in the core of programming and planning for the provinces and municipalities in the newly established BARMM region.

The Action’s intervention covers five municipalities in two provinces in the region. This includes Datu Saudi Ampatuan, Datu Piang, Datu Salibo and Radjah Buayan in Maguindanao Province and Calanogas of Lanao Del Sur Province. Specific areas of intervention in these municipalities is concentrated to five (5) barangays jointly selected with the municipal LGU partners using agreed criteria. It integrates two thematic areas that has been the focus of the organization, DRR and Food, Security and Livelihoods (FSL).

  RATIONALE The Action aims to increase resilience in livelihoods of families in targeted communities across its covered areas. It focuses on identifying existing and potential risk factors, vulnerabilities, coping mechanisms, and opportunities through a participative process informing planning and implementation of strategies and appropriate approaches.

Preliminary data was already gathered during the assessment phase, baselining process, and community hazard risk assessment.

Specific areas of intervention the project aims to contribute include Agriculture and fisheries, community savings, Business Development, market systems and financial inclusion. These Action needs to establish potential entry points, appropriate methodologies, and approaches to efficiently achieve its objectives considering risk factors, cultural sensitivity and gender. The suitability criteria rests in these factors to maximize the intended benefits and ensure sustainability in the long terM A consultant/consultancy team is needed for the assessment, with the following objectives:   OBJECTIVES The engagement of the consultant/consultancy team aims to achieve the following objectives: a) Identify gaps and needs in resilient livelihood strategies for the target communities.

Identification of the gaps and needs involves gaining an in-depth knowledge of the representative LGUs’ and other organization’s existing programs for implementing livelihood options and modalities. The aim is to explore entry points for adopting resilient livelihood strategies in their programs, using risk and climate information and culture sensitive indicators (e.g. Islamic financing principles), to enhance their effectivity and efficiency. Potential resilient livelihood options and strategies to respond to shocks should target the reduction of negative impacts of disasters, conflict and pandemic conditions.

The programs may be adapted for the context of conflict and resultant effects - such as displacement of households, strains on their resources, limited access to markets – which increase their vulnerabilities. The forward-looking interventions should go beyond usual emergency response orientation, but have the built-in capacity in a long-term, “new normal” setting to address the needs of and adequately prepare the landless female-headed households, members of indigenous peoples, senior citizen dependents and others uniquely situated.

The programs review and assessment of gaps and needs should focus on: i. Identifying specific interventions, their framework and objectives, and the beneficiary groups/sectors in the existing livelihood/social safety net programs.

ii. Examining the impacts these interventions have on men and women, with regards to their existing vulnerabilities (physical, social, human, financial).

iii. Assessing opportunities for Capacity Building offered by the programs, and coping strategies resorted to by the beneficiaries.

b) Recommend inclusive strategies to incorporate and enhance resilient livelihood for integration into local Development Plans to be supported by the project.

The review and assessment of the LGU programs aims to formulate effective strategies that will support and sustain resilient livelihood options thru enhanced LGU sectoral and development plans. The adaptive strategies will help improve the ability of the to respond to shocks and stresses, recover in a timely manner and prepare for recurring risks and hazards. Essentially, these strategies, indicators and modalities to scale up resilience in livelihood activities and programs are the ways forward and included in the LGU’s development plans, such as the CDP, LDRRMP, LPRAP, Food Security Plan, etc.

  ACTIVITIES/SCOPE OF WORK The consultant/consultancy team shall carry out the following: a) An initial meeting with the B2AH Team, Head of Base, and Base Security Officer to discuss the details of the consultancy b) Conduct an assessment of shock-responsive (to both climate and man-made shocks) livelihood options and modalities in the plans and programs of the LGU partners of the B2AH project, related to enhancing livelihood resilience for the target barangays. The consultant shall hold virtual or face-to-face meetings (only where possible) with key LGU officers and staff to gather and discuss documents. The assessment shall identify needs and gaps in adapting and implementing these options and modalities and recommend strategies on how to integrate resilience in livelihood (including risk transfer mechanisms) in DRRM plans and other local development plans. Specifically, the assessment should cover the programs of the following LGUs on resilient livelihood for communities: Maguindanao: Datu Saudi Ampatuan, Datu Piang, Datu Salibo, Radjah Buayan Lanao Del Sur: Calanogas Note: List of barangays in annex c) Submit a report on the assessment made, with recommendations for adopting climate-informed and culturally appropriate livelihood options and measures to strengthen resilience in the communities, and ways forward for integrating these options and activities LGU plans and programs.

d) Facilitate a virtual validation workshop with partners and stakeholders on the results and recommendations contained in the assessment report.

e) Lead virtual trainings and workshops for LGU staff and stakeholders for integrating urban resilience and resilient livelihood strategies in local development plans and processes.

f) Document and package the results of trainings, workshops and meetings conducted.

g) Prepare and submit a final report on the consultancy engagement.

The specific deliverables and activities are: a) Based on agreements in the inception meeting, submit an approach paper outlining the detailed work plan for conducting the assessment (review framework and methodology, timeframe, tools and questionnaires, mobilization plan and budget, etc.); b) Assessment report that concisely presents the review framework and methodology, desk review findings, review and evaluation of the livelihood programs and parameters (objectives, target sectors, inclusion criteria for beneficiaries, funding, status of implementation, challenges encountered, innovations made), Analysis of needs and gaps in the promotion of resilient livelihood activities, and recommendations for integrating and enhancing resilient livelihood for the urban poor; c) Facilitation and documentation of the validation workshop, trainings and meetings; d) Final report e) Integration Workshop   METHODOLOGY The methodology shall be comprised of three phases:   Document review – Existing LGU plans and policies, including but not limited to the following, will be reviewed: Socio-Economic Profiles, Comprehensive Development Plans, Land Use Plans, DRRM Plans, Climate Change Action Plans, Annual Investment Programs, Executive Legislative Agenda, Locator Maps, Hazard Maps, Good Practices data The project has already carried out risk assessments at the community and household levels with the LGUs and barangays. The project staff will coordinate with the consultant to review the results of the assessments done.

  Data Collection and analysis - Use data collection methods that comply with the new normal such as key informant interviews or virtual small group face-to-face meetings or using remote tools to validate results of the desk review.

  Presentation of findings – The consultant shall facilitate the conduct of a workshop for AAH and B2AH staff and key LGU informants. The aim of the workshop is to present the findings of the consultancy for validation and provide space for feedback from the Page 5 of 6 stakeholders. The consultant shall incorporate the feedback of the stakeholders to validate on the initial findings and integrate them into the finalization of the consultancy report.

  Integration Workshop – The consultant shall facilitate a 3-day integration workshop to the partner LGU’s to integrate recommendations to LGU plans and policies.

BACKGROUND REQUIREMENT a) Professional Background:
  • Relevant University Degree in related field of study (Research, Policy, Program Management, DRR, Conflict, Livelihoods) is required. With Master’s Degree preferred but not required.
  • Has knowledge, expertise, experience in formulating qualitative and quantitative data research.

    b) Work, Knowledge, and Experience:
  • Has knowledge and expertise in the conduct of qualitative and quantitative data collection particularly in relation to Disaster Management and Resilience.
  • Has strong academic and / or work background on development research, preferably in areas affected by natural and human-induced disasters
  • Has the capacity in technical report writing, good analytical skills, has understanding in partnership working with government and its partners.
  • Preferably based in Mindanao
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