United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

National Consultant (The Criminal Justice Systems in South Asia in Integrating Gender Perspectives Into Measures Against Terrorism and Violent Extremism Leading to Terrorism)

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

Job Description

 

Terrorism and violent extremism leading to terrorism present a significant threat to international peace and security, at the global level, but also in Bangladesh, neighbouring countries and in the surrounding region. Terrorism and violent extremism leading to terrorism violate human rights, weaken development, and can result in the denial of opportunities and the loss of human life. As such, preventing and countering terrorism and violent extremism is, therefore, an important component of achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which are the overall framework for all work of the United Nations. Indeed, UN efforts directly address SDG 16, namely, the promotion of peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, the provision of Access to Justice for all, and building effective, accountable institutions at all levels.

The UN is engaged throughout the world and is partnering with Member States to help prevent and counter terrorism and violent extremism. Within the framework of the Sustainable Development Goals, this work is coordinated under the UN Global Counter-terrorism Strategy (2006, revised in 2018), and the Secretary-General's Plan of Action to Prevent Violent Extremism. The Plan of Action includes more than 70 recommendations that are founded on the principle of ‘prevention first.’ They are also designed to coalesce and support coordinated action at the global, regional and national levels. When presenting the Plan to the General Assembly in January 2016, Secretary General Guterres stated that “Violent extremism is a direct assault on the United Nations Charter and a grave threat to international peace and security… Addressing this challenge goes to the heart of the United Nations. And it compels us to act in a way that solves – rather than multiplies -- the problem.”

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is the main UN agency in the fight against illicit drugs, crime, corruption and terrorism in virtue of the UN Conventions and related universal instruments. In particular, within the UN system, UNODC possesses significant comparative advantages for offering a comprehensive response to terrorism. It combines a range of expertise in the related areas of Crime Prevention and criminal justice, rule of law, Drug Control, transnational organized crime, money-laundering, corruption and related international cooperation in criminal matters with operational field-level capacity.

The UNODC Regional Office for South Asia, located in New Delhi (India), covers six countries of the region: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal and Sri Lanka. Its Regional Programme (RP) for South Asia ”Promoting the rule of law and countering drugs and crime in South Asia” (2018-2021) has five thematic Subprogrammes covering the full range of UNODC mandates. The Terrorism Prevention Branch (TPB) in UNODC Headquarters, Austria, is the key UN entity providing legal counter-terrorism technical assistance to Member States. As mandated by the UN General Assembly, TPB works to assist Member States, upon request, with the ratification, legislative incorporation and implementation of the universal legal framework against terrorism.

In follow-up to previous TPB activities in Bangladesh and the wider region, and under the framework of the RP Subprogramme 4 on Terrorism Prevention, the UNODC Programme Office in Bangladesh would like to engage a consultant to compile information, draft and revise inputs for the preparation of a training tool for South Asia, with a focus on Bangladesh: “Gender dimensions of investigating and prosecuting terrorism cases”. The tool will explore gender mainstreaming approaches in counter-terrorism and preventing violent extremism, gender aspects of terrorism offences, including online recruitment of women and men, and gender dimensions of investigating and prosecuting terrorism cases, including those involving returnees from conflict zones.

Introduction:

United Nations Security Council resolution 2242 (2015) reaffirmed that women’s empowerment and gender equality are critical to Conflict Prevention and broader efforts to maintain international peace and security. It further recognized the need to mainstream gender considerations into the activities of United Nations counter-terrorism and countering violent extremism bodies. In addition, the resolution called upon Member States and relevant United Nations entities to develop targeted and evidence-based policy and programming responses to address these issues. The United Nations Secretary-General’s Plan of Action to Prevent Violent Extremism (A/70/674) states that counter-terrorism and countering violent extremism strategies should protect and empower women.

In South Asia, as in other parts of the world, there is increased recognition of the indirect and direct participation of women in acts of violent extremism leading to terrorism, and in particular their vulnerability to recruitment, indoctrination and fundraising often by making use of the internet and social media. However, many countries still fail to recognize and effectively address the particular needs of women and men when devising policies and strategies on prevention of violent extremism and countering of terrorism. In this regard, enhanced sensitization and capacity-building are required for the inclusion of gender perspectives in the criminal justice responses to terrorism and adoption of approaches based on gender mainstreaming and human rights, Adopting such approaches will strengthen the effectiveness of the criminal justice responses to terrorism and reduce the vulnerability of women and men to terrorism and violent extremism conducive to terrorism.

Duties and Responsibilities

Overall objective of assignment:

The overall objective of the assignment is to conduct research on national legislation and practices and facilitate an expert consultative meeting, which will form the basis and pave the way for the finalization of the drafting and publication of a Training tool on “Gender dimensions of investigating and prosecuting terrorism cases”. The assignment will help the overall project objective of enhancing gender perspectives in the criminal justice responses to terrorism and violent extremism leading to terrorism, in collaboration with all relevant partners.

Specific objectives:

  • To compile national legislation, strategies, policy documents, practices and cases related to terrorism, with a specific focus on gender aspects;

  • To facilitate an online expert consultative meeting to discuss and validate findings;

  • To prepare a final report incorporating all comments and suggestions received, obtaining additional information when necessary;

  • On the basis of the collected materials, finalize inputs to the draft training tool and support the preparation of a print-ready version.

Scope of work and expected outputs/ deliverables:

Against the above background, UNODC would like to engage a qualified consultant to compile national legislation, strategies, policy documents, practices and cases related to terrorism, with a specific focus on gender aspects, and facilitate an expert consultative meeting, which will form the basis and pave the way for the preparation of a Training tool on “Gender dimensions of investigating and prosecuting terrorism cases”. The consultant is expected to make himself/herself familiar with the specific provisions and publications available in the country, and to use the outputs of the research to draft inputs related to Bangladesh and South Asia to the draft training tool.

The overarching scope of work and expected outputs/deliverables will be:

  • Gather national legislation and practices: soft copies of criminal provisions on terrorism and violent extremism, highlighting gender aspects, criminal procedures including prosecution and adjudication (making use of all relevant terrorism and gender publications already available in the country);

  • Gather gender- and terrorism-related cases, reports, articles;

  • Draft inputs to the draft tool using laws, regulation, practices, cases, articles, reports;

  • Review and update inputs related to Bangladesh that have been already prepared by UNODC experts;

  • Draft a brief on Covid-19 and gender aspects of criminal justice issues in Bangladesh;

  • Contribute to the organization of an online expert consultative meeting by suggesting relevant participants and experts and communicating with the experts and participants;

  • Participate in the expert consultative meeting and preparatory and post-meeting consultations;

  • Prepare a report of the expert consultative meeting;

  • Submit revised inputs to the publication using the contributions from the consultations as well as additional sources identified during the expert consultative meeting;

  • Contribute to the finalization of the publication by supporting the editing and design processes.

Tangible and measurable outputs/deliverables of work assignment:

  • Soft copies of legal documents, policy documents, practices, cases, reports and articles;

  • Draft inputs to the draft tool using the collected documents, using and updating inputs prepared by UNODC;

  • Draft brief on COVID-19 and gender aspects of criminal justice issues in Bangladesh;

  • Support to the organization of and participation in the online expert consultative meeting;

  • Brief report of the online consultative meeting outlining the revisions to the previously prepared draft tool;

  • Finalized inputs to the draft tool reflecting outcomes of the consultative meeting

  • Finalized print-ready publication.

Specific deliverables and payment terms:

Collection of soft copies of legal documents, practices, cases, reports, articles;

Draft inputs and revisions, in consultation with UNODC/TPB experts, to the draft tool prepared by UNODC/TPB.

6

Draft brief on COVID-19 and gender aspects of criminal justice issues

2

Support to the organization of and participation in the online consultative meeting

3

Brief report of the online consultative meeting outlining the revisions to the draft tool

3

Finalized inputs to the draft training tool, reflecting comments/suggestions by TPB as well as national experts and authorities;

Support to the preparation of a print-ready publication

6

 

Note:

  • Any kind of miscellaneous charges e.g. Internet, phone etc. would not be reimbursed;

  • Please note proposals without the financial proposal will not be considered.

Timeframe:

The contract will be for a period of 20 days over 1 month.

Reporting and communication:

The consultant will work under the overall supervision of the Programme Officer (Officer-in-charge), UNODC ROSA’s Programme Office in Bangladesh, and with the substantive guidance from the Terrorism Prevention Branch, UNODC Vienna and oversight of the Representative, Regional Office for South Asia.

Competencies
  • Experience in the organization of conferences, workshops, Training Courses, desirable;

  • Knowledge/experience of UN programmes and policies, as well as UNODC’s mandates, required

  • Experience in the usage of computers and office software packages (MS Word, Excel, PowerPoint etc.);

  • Excellent writing, editing, and oral communication skills in English.

Required Skills and Experience

Educational:

  • University degree or equivalent in the field of International Law, Political Sciences, Conflict Management or a related field;

Experiance:

  • At least 3 years of experience in the field of research, in the field of criminal law, crime prevention and criminal justice. Familiarity with criminal justice systems of the countries in South Asia/ Bangladesh;

  • Knowledge/experience of the international instruments against terrorism (i.e. conventions, protocols and UNSC resolutions), transnational and international criminal law, as well as of the mechanisms of international cooperation.

Cumulative Analysis-

The award of the contract will be made to the individual consultant up on Cumulative Analysis/evaluation and determined as:

  • Responsive/compliant/acceptable; and

  • Having received the highest score out of a pre-determined set of weighted technical and financial criteria specific to the solicitation;

Only candidates obtaining a minimum 70% mark in technical evaluation will be considered eligible for financial evaluation.

Technical Evaluation Criteria (Total 70 marks)

  • Educational qualifications (15 marks)

  • Experience in the field of research, preferably in the field of criminal law, crime prevention and criminal justice (15 marks)

  • Familiarity with criminal justice systems of the countries in South Asia, particularly Bangladesh (15 marks)

  • Knowledge of the international instruments against terrorism (15 marks)

  • Experience in the organization of conferences, workshops, training courses (10 marks).

Financial Evaluation (Total 30 marks)

All technical qualified proposals will be scored out 30 based on the formula provided below. The maximum points (30) will be assigned to the lowest financial proposal. All other proposals received points according to the following formula:

p = y (µ/z)

where:

  • p = points for the financial proposal being evaluated;

  • y = maximum number of points for the financial proposal;

  • µ = price of the lowest priced proposal;

  • z = price of the proposal being evaluated.

The financial proposal shall specify a total lump sum amount, and payment terms around specific and measurable (qualitative and quantitative) deliverables (i.e. whether payments fall in installments or upon completion of the entire contract). Payments are based upon output, i.e. upon delivery of the services specified in the TOR. In order to assist the requesting unit in the comparison of financial proposals, the financial proposal will include a breakdown of this lump sum amount (including travel, per diems, and number of anticipated working days).

Financial Milestone

Collection of soft copies of legal documents, practices, cases, reports, articles;

Draft inputs and revisions, in consultation with UNODC/TPB experts, to the draft tool prepared by UNODC/TPB.

30%

Draft brief on COVID-19 and gender aspects of criminal justice issues

10%

Support to the organization of and participation in the online consultative meeting

15%

Brief report of the online consultative meeting outlining the revisions to the draft tool

15%

Finalized inputs to the draft training tool, reflecting comments/suggestions by TPB as well as national experts and authorities;

Support to the preparation of a print-ready publication

30%

DOCUMENTS TO BE INCLUDED WHEN SUBMITTING THE PROPOSALS

Interested individual consultants must submit the following documents/information to demonstrate their qualifications:

Proposal

  • Duly accomplished Letter of Confirmation of Interest and Availability using the template provided by UNDP;

  • Personal CV, indicating all past experience from similar projects, as well as the contact details (email and telephone number) of the Candidate and at least three (3) professional references;

  • Financial Proposal: Financial Proposal has to be submitted through a standard interest and availability template which can be downloaded from the link below:

http://www.bd.undp.org/content/dam/bangladesh/docs/Jobs/Interest%20and%20Submission%20of%20Financial%20Proposal-Template%20for%20Confirmation.docx

UNDP is committed to achieving workforce diversity in terms of gender, nationality and culture. Individuals from minority groups, indigenous groups and persons with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. All applications will be treated with the strictest confidence.
UNDP does not tolerate sexual exploitation and abuse, any kind of harassment, including sexual harassment, and discrimination. All selected candidates will, therefore, undergo rigorous reference and background checks.
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