United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)

Consultant (Development of National Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Strategy and Costed Action Plan for Schools)

United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)

Job Description

The main purpose of this consultancy is to support MOE to develop “National Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Strategy and costed action plan for Schools in Kenya for 2020-2024” including implementation (for systems strengthening and Capacity Building) as well as financial plans. This strategy will provide specific guidance for implementation of the hardware and software components of WASH in schools (WinS) as well as the required allocations by the Ministry of Education and other WASH sector partners. The action plan should be realistic and considering the conditions and situation in Kenya. UNICEF works in some of the world’s toughest places, to reach the world’s most disadvantaged children. To save their lives. To defend their rights. To help them fulfill their potential. Across 190 countries and territories, we work for every child, everywhere, every day, to build a better world for everyone. And we never give up. For every child, clean Water Purpose of Activity/Assignment: The main purpose of this consultancy is to support MOE to develop “National Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Strategy and costed action plan for Schools in Kenya for 2020-2024” including implementation (for systems strengthening and capacity building) as well as financial plans.  This strategy will provide specific guidance for implementation of the hardware and software components of WASH in schools (WinS) as well as the required allocations by the Ministry of Education and other WASH sector partners. The action plan should be realistic and considering the conditions and situation in Kenya. This Strategy should be comprehensive covering the various infrastructural as well as institutional strengthening and Capacity Development components that would further enable progress for results in WASH in Schools. Ideally, this strategy and costed action plan should integrate WinS within existing strategic directions as well as on-going programs of the MoE (national to sub-national Coordination), such as CFS, GPE, etc. The strategy will establish the coordination and policy environment for the government and development partners to work together to achieve practical and timely national goals that are aligned with global standards and goals. The Ministry of Education will remain the lead Ministry and responsible for ownership of the strategy. This will also guide institutional capacity to absorb investments in a more effective manner to have standard approaches in achieving targets and to sustain the delivery of services through integrated approach. Further the strategy and action plan shall harmonize the working approach at the operational level. Scope of Work: (see end note below [1][1] ) Background and Justification: Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) in schools is important for ensuring a safe and healthy environment for children that cultivates positive hygiene behaviours at school, home and in the community. WASH in schools (WinS) enhances children’s attendance and retention – especially among girls, and improves education achievement, and promotes gender equity. In Kenya, the Basic Education Act of 2013 mandates the Government to provide free and compulsory basic education at primary and secondary level. Kenya has been making progress towards universal primary education. The Net Enrolment Rate (NER) is high at 88.2 per cent for primary schools and 47.4 per cent at secondary schools. National Gender Parity is 0.97 at Primary and 0.92 at Secondary level.[i] According to the 2014 EMIS, an estimated 1,292,675 children (55% girls) are out of school. The hardest to reach include children with disabilities, children living in pastoral and nomadic communities and in urban informal settlements. Bottlenecks identified include low skill levels among teachers; inadequate deployment of teachers; lack of a conducive quality learning environment; insufficient infrastructure, including gender sensitive latrines; and the long distance to schools in some areas. According to the last estimates from the Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) report, 1 out of 4 schools (25 per cent) in Kenya have no water access at all.[ii] A dedicated UNICEF survey also found that children are asked to take water from their homes to schools, as the schools either experience shortages, have dysfunctional infrastructure, or cannot purchase water due to the limited budget.[iii] This water is used for drinking, hygiene, and cooking food. In the absence of water treatment or any quality assurance mechanisms, this practice poses a great health risk in schools, where meals are cooked with the water that the children bring to school. Access to sanitation is reportedly a problem in many schools, with an insufficient number of latrines given the school children population. In 2014, the Ministry of Education reported a ratio of 34 boys per toilet and 29 girls per toilet in schools which is below the national norms of respectively 30:1 and 25:1. The quality of latrines is also an issue. The JMP report (2018) indicates that toilets in all the schools are either not always functional or not for single-sex use. School budgets are too restricted to even empty latrines at times, let alone set up new structures. As a result, in many areas open defecation remains the only alternative.2. Coupled with the lack of sanitation facilities in schools, menstrual hygiene management (MHM) remains another gender and equity burden for school girls. Access to menstrual products is still limited in rural and marginalised communities. The systematic misinformation and stigma around menstruation and women’s reproductive health persists in society. At the national WASH in school (WinS) bottleneck Analysis workshop, organised by UNICEF and the Ministry of Education in July 2019, key bottlenecks identified were low budgetary prioritisation of WinS in Education sector, lack of accountability for sustainable management of WASH facilities in schools, limited data availability on WinS, silo-planning and inadequate monitoring of WinS programmes. The recent Multidimensional Child Poverty analysis shows that water and sanitation were found to make the greatest contribution to the child poverty rate, however, improvements in access to water and sanitation have been small between 2008-9 and 2014. Poor water, sanitation, and hygiene conditions were reported to impede physical development (i.e. cause stunting) of children, cause malnourishment, and cause diseases like diarrhoea, worm infestation, and skin conditions (all of which were reported to further exacerbate the condition of stunting and malnourishment). Nonetheless, county interventions in the sectors remain limited to sporadic water treatment, construction of temporary, non-durable latrines in some communities, and provision of health education by CHVs and in health facilities.[iv] The available information shows that the Wins situation in Kenya is poor. Thus, to operationalize the integration of water, sanitation and hygiene in key strategic plans in the government, it is important to develop a Wins strategy and costed action plan. This shall provide a clear road map for achievement of a healthy learning environment in the schools. Therefore, with technical and financial support from UNICEF, MOE intend to recruit a highly qualified and experienced consultant to develop the Water, sanitation and Hygiene strategy and costed action plan for schools in Kenya.  Goal and Objective The main objective of this consultancy is to support MOE develop a comprehensive “National Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Strategy and costed action plan for Schools in Kenya for 2020-2024” that contribute to achieve the goals of MOE reflected in the  overall strategic plan for Education. The specific objectives expected:
  • Enhance the enabling environment for WASH in schools specifically in terms of establishing clear implementation guidelines and standards that are endorsed to be used nationwide, as well as advocate for resource mobilization (from donors and other partners) and government allocations; the strategy and action plan will outline specific targets to be reached within the time frame

  • To provide recommendations for the strategic positioning of WASH in schools in Kenya, and relevant roles and responsibilities of relevant departments and authorities of MoE. MOWSI, MOH and partners.

  • To develop road map to apply 3-star approach according to the guideline and context of the country.

Reference to RWP areas/UNDAF output covered
  • This project component aligns with the UNICEF (2018-2020) Outcome 2 (improved Early learning and Education); Output 2.2 - By 2022 An increased number of schools, in at least 10 disadvantaged counties provide access to gender sensitive water and sanitation facilities and health and hygiene education, including MHM

  • Activity 2.2.3; Provide Technical Support in development of National WASH in schools strategy and costed action plan.

  • Activities and Tasks

  • The consultant will review the global, regional and national documents.  Global WASH strategies, JMP report on WASH in Schools, MTSP, UNDAF priorities, as well as National policies:  5-year Strategic Plan of MOE, National school Health policy and guidelines, MHM policy and strategy; standards and guidelines for WASH infrastructure in schools, Basic Education Act and other relevant documents.
    • Engage in various bilateral discussions, joint consultations with line ministries (MOE, Ministry of Water, Sanitation and Irrigation (MWSI), MOH), UN agencies, key donors and other major bilateral stakeholders such as WB, GTZ, JICA, CIDA and International NGOs (World Vision, CARE, AMREF, KEWASNET, MWA, OXFAM etc).

    • Conduct two formal consultation workshops with key stakeholders to present the draft and final strategy and costed action plan document for input and validation by various stakeholders.

    • The consultant will travel to 3 counties in Kenya and visit selected schools, discussions with teachers, students, parents/school Boards of Management, Subcounty, county and Regional Directors of Education, subcounty and county water and Health officers.

    • Development of monitoring sheets (integration of WASH criteria in the monitoring sheet of Quality assurance Officers-MOE, review of NEMIS form for WASH Indicators)

    • Finalize the National WASH strategy and costed action plan for schools in Kenya and launched by MOE for implementation.

    • The consultant will review the EMIS and identify gaps in Data Collection for WASH through EMIS.

    • The consultant will review reporting mechanism on yearly basis on the situation of WASH in schools in the Ministry of Education and propose solutions to the gaps.

    • Consultant will look at the quality and management aspects currently being implemented in schools and identify gaps with proposed solutions.


Work Relationships The consultant will report to the Chief of WASH and WASH specialist in charge of the project management.  The KCO WASH Specialist (Institutions) will be responsible for the following: establishing contacts between the consultant and key stakeholders; making available copies of government documents and facilitating access to internal documents; organising the consultation workshop. This consultancy will not require ethical clearance. The consultant is expected to engage with line ministries, UNICEF and other stakeholders through consultations and the various workshops. Outputs/Deliverables
  • Inception report with detailed methodology, workplan, timelines and milestones, proposed options for structuring and content of the final document.

  • literature review (published and grey literature) report on situation of Wins in Kenya and globally.

  • Draft WASH strategy and costed action plan document, accompanying PowerPoint presentation, and consultation workshop report with WinS stakeholders in Nairobi.

  • A monitoring tool which makes it possible to monitor the progress of the indicators in the strategy and action plan

  • Final WASH strategy and costed action plan document and validation workshop report with Wins stakeholders in Nairobi.

Required qualifications, desired competencies, technical background and experience (Consult with HR on this prior to signing off on the TOR)Education: Academic qualifications and required level of education; Advanced university degree in one of the disciplines relevant to the following areas: Public Health, Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Geology, Hydrology, Sanitation Engineering, or a field relevant to international WASH related development assistance. Qualified WASH specialist, and or social science background with competency or specialization in gender, social inclusion, equity, results-based programming, humans rights approach in the WASH sector. Additional training in Health Education or Communication for Development (Programme Communication), an asset.  Specialist skills/Training: State the specialized skills and/or training if needed;
  • Strong analytical skills

  • Excellent communication and writing skills

  • Minimum 15 years working experience in the area of WASH in school. Experience in WASH in school strategy formulation.

  • Previous experience in supporting countries in developing WASH related policies, strategies and implementation plans.

  • Familiarity with SDGs, child friendly school (CFS) concept and other related global trends and priorities, most up-to-date country experiences.

  • Previous experience of developing strategy and implementation plans in this specific field.

 Languages required: any specific language requirements
  • High standard of written and verbal English language skills

  • Familiarity with the local social and cultural context is highly recommended

Work Assignment Overview Tasks/Milestone: Deliverables/Outputs: Timeline Consultant fee proposal
  • Work plan + methodology

  • Review of existing documentation in Kenya and globally on Wins

  •  TOR preparation workshop # 1 consultation for the development of the WASH Strategy and costed action plan I for schools

  • Inception report

  • Literature review

  • Workshop TOR

10 days (Remote)
  • Organization and facilitation workshop no. 1 for the development of the WASH Strategy and costed action plan for schools

  • Interviews with Line ministries and key players

  • WASH implementation visits to schools in 3 counties

  • Interviews with Education, Health and Water staff at county level.

  • Interviews report

  • Workshop report

  • Field visit report

20 days (Kenya)
  • WASH in Schools draft Strategy and costed action plan prepared.

  • Preparation workshop No. 2 for the validation of the strategy

  • Draft WASH strategy and costed action plan

  • Workshop # 2 TOR

15 days (remote)
  • Organization and facilitation workshop No. 2 to validate the WASH strategy and costed action plan for schools

  • Amendment of the strategy and costed action plan.

  • Preparation of a monitoring tool

  • Workshop report

  • Validated strategy

  • Monitoring tool

10 days (Kenya/remote)
  • Prepare final National water, sanitation and Hygiene strategy and costed action plan for schools in Kenya.

  • Final national WASH strategy and costed action plan for schools in Kenya, print-ready document.

5 days (remote)
  • Prepare power point presentation and launch the strategy.

  • Launch Workshop report for the Wins strategy and costed action plan.

5 days (Kenya) Total 65 days   [i] Ministry of Education (2014) 2014 Basic Education Statistical Booklet [ii] WHO and UNICEF (2018) Drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in schools: global baseline report 2018, Joint monitoring programme [iii] UNICEF (2016) Multidimensional Child Poverty in Kenya [iv] Multidimensional Child Poverty in Kenya, Economic Policy Research Institute (EPRI) Duty Station:  The consultant is not required to be based in Kenya. However, some in-country travel will be required for consultations in Nairobi and to at least 3 counties where UNICEF is implementing a WASH in Schools programme.   UNICEF is committed to diversity and inclusion within its workforce, and encourages all candidates, irrespective of gender, nationality, religious and ethnic backgrounds, including persons living with disabilities, to apply to become a part of the organization. UNICEF has a zero-tolerance policy on conduct that is incompatible with the aims and objectives of the United Nations and UNICEF, including sexual exploitation and abuse, sexual harassment, abuse of authority and discrimination. UNICEF also adheres to strict child safeguarding principles. All selected candidates will be expected to adhere to these standards and principles and will therefore undergo rigorous reference and background checks. Background checks will include the verification of academic credential(s) and employment history. Selected candidates may be required to provide additional information to conduct a background check. Remarks: Individuals engaged under a consultancy or individual contract will not be considered “staff members” under the Staff Regulations and Rules of the United Nations and UNICEF’s policies and procedures, and will not be entitled to benefits provided therein (such as leave entitlements and medical insurance coverage). Their conditions of service will be governed by their contract and the General Conditions of Contracts for the Services of Consultants and Individual Contractors. Consultants and individual contractors are responsible for determining their tax liabilities and for the payment of any taxes and/or duties, in accordance with local or other applicable laws.
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